Ancient inhabitants of the Spit were all fishermen without exceptions. Fishing business had penetrated not only the whole of their household life, but spiritual culture as well. Every household had one or several boats, by which all tours were done. Chidren sailed by boats to schools, adults travelled by them to the church. Frequently, the fishermen started out for fishing for 3 - 5 days. There was always enough of work, since various species of fish “were comming” at different times.
The ancient Curonians were fishing in the boats called kurenas. They were up to 10 meters in lenth and 3 meters in width.
There was a separate smokehouse’s building in the fishermen’s farmsteads, which was named the beech-house. The work of women was to process and hook the fish for smoking.
The diet of the Curonian Spit’s fishermen was rather simple. The main food was fish. It was consumed as meat, also instead of bread and vegetables. Fish was also used as feed for animals. Dried and salted fish was the main food reserve for the winter. Smoked fish was intended for the holy table as well. The most tasty fish was and still is, when for fish smoking pines cones are used.
Even today, walking the streest of Neringa’s settlements, your nose gets pleasantly “tickled” by the smells of smoked fish. You can taste smoked eel, bream, perch and even smelt almost in every cafe or restaurant or just sitting next to the table of smoked fish mongers.
Proffesional and amateur fishing in the Curonian Lagoon
Nowadays, the Curonian Lagoon is perfectly suitable for not only professional, but amateur fishing as well. Experienced fishermen independently start out for fishing not only during summer, but winter too, when the season of ice-fishing begins and smelts are biting in great quanitities.
The beginners prefer organized fishing when an experienced ship captain can join.
Fishing with all fishing tools is allowed in the Curonian Lagoon in the distance smaller than 500 m from the caost only with permissions or licenses issued by the Ministry of the Environment (except for fishing with float rods from the coast). In the night fishing is allowed only from the coast or on ice, fishing is prohibited in the Baltic Sea and pools of border waters without permission of the borderline police. Average weight of the fish caught during one day cannot exceed 5 kg for one fisherman.
Amateur fishing in park’s waters is performed according to the rules of amateur fishing.
Klaipeda City Agency of Environmental Protection
Birutes st.16, Klaipeda
Tel.: (8 46) 21 71 06
Neringa town Agency of Environmental Protection
Taikos st.2, Nida
Tel.: (8 469) 5 12 32
Lithuanian Association of Hunters and Fishermen, Klaipeda department
Sodu st. 4, Klaipeda
Tel.: (8 46) 21 22 00
the Internet website of the National Park of the Curonian Spit www.nerija.lt